The dry eye is a chronic condition that intensifies during the autumn season and can cause serious discomfort, impaired vision and even eye damage. For this reason, it is essential to adopt a series of recommendations to prevent its appearance.
This syndrome affects approximately 30% of the population and is generally caused by an inefficient or low production of tears or by excessive evaporation, as explained by the Institute of Ocular Microsurgery (IMO) . It can also be due to poor tear quality due to meibomian gland problems or an inflammation of the eyelid, they add.
What are the warning signs?
People with this eye condition often have the following symptoms:
Sensation of having a foreign body.
Eye tiredness or fatigue.
Appearance of tears.
Discomfort from the light.
Who is affected?
This eye problem tends to affect people over 50 years of age and women more , due to hormonal changes, but it can also affect other groups of the population. As detailed by the Quirónsalud ophthalmology department , the associated risk factors are:
Wear contact lenses.
Spending a lot of time in front of screens or devices.
Hormonal changes, such as pregnancy or menopause.
Diseases such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, or lupus.
The use of some drugs such as antihistamines or antidepressants.
Having cataracts or having undergone eye surgery.
Environmental factors, such as pollution.
Can it be prevented?
Early detection with routine controls is essential to avoid complications, especially in the case of people with risk factors. IMO specialists offer a series of tips to manage this chronic condition.
First, lid hygiene is key to “removing excess bacteria and fat from the edges of the eyelids , which can worsen tear quality.” Therefore, it is advisable to apply heat to the eyelids for a few minutes with hot compresses, massage them and clean the edges with specific products.
People who use contact lenses have to take more precautions and keep them always wet to avoid dryness. Likewise, environmental factors also play a role, so experts advise avoiding heating and air, using humidifiers, protecting the eyes with glasses or hydrating them with artificial tears.
A healthy habit for the eyes that can be done on a daily basis is visual rest every 20 minutes, especially if we work in front of screens, to prevent them from drying out.