One of the most frequent reasons in dermatology consultations is atopic dermatitis . It is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that is more common during childhood, but can also manifest itself in adolescence or adulthood. “It is characterized by dry skin and an itchy sensation” and its prevalence is 5 to 20% in the general population, detailed from the Spanish Association of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV) .
This chronic disorder can manifest itself together with other pathologies such as asthma or allergic rhinitis. In this sense, the drop in temperatures with the arrival of autumn can be a cause of concern for patients with atopic dermatitis, since the cold can worsen this disorder.
What are your symptoms?
This skin problem can cause different symptoms depending on each person but, according to specialists from the Mayo Clinic , the most frequent are the following:
Itching, which intensifies at night.
Reddish or brown spots, especially on the hands, feet, wrists, neck, eyelids, or inside of the elbows and knees.
Bumps that can even ooze.
Thickened and flaky skin.
Wounds, raw and inflamed skin.
Dr. Bibiana Pérez García , a specialist in Dermatology at the Ramón y Cajal University Hospital in Madrid, highlights in an interview for Infosalus that these symptoms have a direct impact on the quality of life of patients and can even lead to problems of anxiety or depression .
It is a disease in which people experience “flare-ups” or periods of worsening that are related to environmental factors and triggers such as stress.
How can outbreaks be prevented in fall and winter?
For this reason, the expert in dermatology offers a series of recommendations to deal with this condition during the autumn and winter months:
The daily hydration of the skin, especially after showering, it is essential to prevent outbreaks of dermatitis.
Maintain regular contact with dermatology professionals to resume treatment after the summer.
Do activities that promote relaxation and maintain a physical routine to prevent stress .
Control environmental factors , such as heating or the use of clothing that can irritate the skin when they come into contact with the skin.